Digitizing Race Visual Cultures of the Internet Electronic Mediations Review Õ 106

Summary Digitizing Race Visual Cultures of the Internet Electronic Mediations

Digitizing Race Visual Cultures of the Internet Electronic Mediations Review Õ 106 ↠ In the nineties neoliberalism simultaneously provided the context for the Internet’s rapid uptake in the United States and discouraged public conversations about racial politics At the same time many scholars lauIn the nineties neoliberalism simultaneously provided the context for the Internet’s rapid uptake in the United States and discouraged public conversations about racial politics At the same time many scholars lauded the widespread use of text driven interfaces as a solution to the problem of racial intolerance Today’s online world is witnessing text driven interfaces such as e mail and instant messaging giving way to far visually intensive and commercially driven media forms that not only reveal but showcase people’s racial et. In Digitizing Race 2008 Lisa Nakamura explores gender and race identity formation in various digital media employing visual culture studies As Nakamura explains it visual culture studies analyses have all too often simplified digital communication because they employ a human computer interaction HCI model rather than a computer mediated communication CMC model of digital spaces 9 so they have often ignored networking and power whereas communication studies have often ignored what websites do visually 10 Chapter 1 explores buddy icons on instant messenger services which all too often get discussed as verbal only Nakamura sees these buddy icons as sophisticated ways to present identities online One interesting aspect of options for buddy icons on some websites is the neoliberal notion of colorblindness where race is effaced and represented instead through the category of nation 57 Chapter 2 analyzes the website Alllooksame a website that asks viewers to guess whether pictures are of Chinese Korean or Japanese ethnicity to explain how the website is used by Asians to resist the reification of race as visually identifiable and readable 78 Nakamura uses this analysis to uestion postcolonial fears that the Internet might be a homogenizing technology that might erase endangered cultures or languages 78 91 92 Chapter 3 analyzes the racial visualization in the Matrix films Minority Report and Apple advertisements especially exploring the ways that Black authenticity is deployed in the films Whiteness in the Matrix series is portrayed as inhuman replicable and machine like whereas Blackness is presented as natural and authentic 100 and the source of human agency in this techo future 103 However Nakamura argues that this authenticity and singularity are serviceable to white audiences blackness is singularity but never for the black subject always for the white subject 116 Chapter 4 explores the visual self representation of pregnant women in online communities showing how they bring bodies into websites that offer alternatives to the hyper exaggerated feminine bodies that are often seen as the norm on the Internet 136 These images also show resistance to the ways in which institutions such as medicine have tried to manage identities 170 Chapter 5 explores the limitations of discussions of the digital divide arguing that much of these studies fail to take into account digital production which means they are not telling the whole story and might even deepen a digital divide because they inform policy 172 Nakamura argues that these studies need to take into account production especially production that uestions hegemonic norms of race

Summary ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB ☆ Lisa Nakamura

Jennifer Lopez music videos; films including the Matrix trilogy Gattaca and Minority Report; and online joke sites that users of color and women use the Internet to vigorously articulate their own types of virtual community avatar bodies and racial politicsLisa Nakamura is associate professor of speech communication and Asian American studies at the University of Illinois Urbana Champaign She is the author of Cybertypes Race Ethnicity and Identity on the Internet and coeditor with Beth Kolko and Gilbert Rodman of Race in Cyberspace. An impressionistic and rambling review of several barely related communities or Internet activities this book says very little about Internet culture and its online representations It is mostly a combination of studies done in the early to mid 2000 decade and unfortunately does not have much to say about the enormous swelling of social networking sites that has occurred in just the past couple years The book does have some intriguing and stimulating observations about the way unconventional Internet users mostly women see and reveal themselves on chat sites and on pregnancy forums It is comfortable showing how impressions and presentations of race in the larger culture are handled by online actors than analyzing those actors or the new media themselves

Lisa Nakamura ☆ 6 Summary

Digitizing Race Visual Cultures of the Internet Electronic MediationsHnic and gender identityLisa Nakamura a leading scholar in the examination of race in digital media uses case studies of popular yet rarely examined uses of the Internet such as pregnancy Web sites instant messaging and online petitions and uizzes to look at the emergence of race ethnic and gender identified visual culturesWhile popular media such as Hollywood cinema continue to depict nonwhite nonmales as passive audiences or consumers of digital media rather than as producers Nakamura argues the contrary with examples ranging from. Nakamura offers a method for analyzing new media as a matrix of lived cultural practices identities geopolitics and postcolonial racial and political positions 204 This method seems to be close reading and discourse analysis of case studies She offers several case studies in this book of what she calls digital racial formation and specifically how women and people of color are both subjects and objects of online interactivity The range of texts he writes about is wide from Jennifer Lopez videos to The Matrix films to pregnancy websites with an emphasis on Asian American racial formations through a cultural studies lens Her central argument seems to be that the historical period of late 20th century in the US is one marked by a neo liberal approach to race relations one I suppose that seeks to address ineualities through less explicit discussions of race and emphasis on technology and capital I could be wrong on that reading but that what i got from her intro By her conclusion it seems that the internet and particularly Web 20 of early 21st c offers access to a much larger group of people to technology and forum for expressing racial and ethnic identity This can be celebrated for the embodiment and self actualization of many different identities and the threat of media conglomerates capitlizing on such users as an online market Of her cases she writes that emerging groups of people use the internet to visualize themselves performing cultural work at a post neoliberal age when it is actively dangerous to signify race or ethnicity in the public sphere 206She also writesThough Internet use by racial minorities is indeed increasing this is not in itself reason to be optimistic about the mediums' ability to enfranchise minorities in a realm of friction free digital production and self expresion IN the true spirit of neoliberalism being permitted to exist is not the same as eual representation 206Critiue As I stated earlier Nakamura gives a purely textual reading While I am not critiuing this as a cultural studieshumantities approach other types of data or approaches to substantiate her claims would have ben helpful especially since she argues that her method examines lived cultural practices in other words interviews for example with some of the site users of her case studies may have bolstered this research